Common Foot Conditions


Don’t Ignore the Call of Calluses

Calluses may seem harmless and unassuming but can become problematic if ignored. Calluses are hardened areas of the skin that typically form as the skin of your foot rubs against the inside of your shoe. High heels, repetitive pressure on one area of the foot, and deformities like bunions and hammertoes are common causes of […]

Posted on October 24, 2018

Ganglion Cysts on Your Feet

What is a ganglion cyst? A ganglion cyst is a fluid-filled growth that can form anywhere on the body. Typically, they grow under the skin or on joints, bones, and ligaments. On the feet, they develop as benign soft-tissue growths, often on the tops of your feet. They can grow into different sizes and can […]

Posted on September 12, 2018

Flat Feet Don’t Level the Playing Field

Flat Feet have a way of complicating normal routines by affecting the way the foot hits the ground. The reason this condition can cause complications is because in normal feet, the tendons in the foot help to lift the middle of the sole off the ground when moving; yet, flat feet cause the arch to […]

Posted on May 21, 2018

Hammertoes Can Happen Because of a Stroke

Hammertoes are a potentially painful condition that can cause the large toes to bend at the middle joint in an abnormal manner and become rigid if they are not treated early on. Many understand that this condition is usually caused by improper footwear; however, most do not realize that it can also be caused by […]

Posted on April 19, 2018

Beat Athlete’s Foot from the Start

Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection on the skin of the foot. Moreover, the fungi that are the culprits of this condition tend to thrive in warm, moist and dark environments. Unfortunately, athlete’s foot is easily spread between individuals and the fungi causing this type of infection are often found in locker rooms or public […]

Posted on February 9, 2018

Corns Can Cause Pain

Corns may appear to be insignificant, but they can unfortunately become infected and cause throbbing pain. They are small, curved, hardened areas of skin that develop from excessive pressure. Corns are more likely to form when in slender toes or in those that have deformities that cause the skin to press against the inside of […]

Posted on January 11, 2018

Orthotics are What’s Missing in Your Shoes

Orthotics are used to correct moveable parts of the foot so as to reduce pain, swelling or any other symptom from a variety of foot and ankle conditions. Shoe inserts are orthotics that help to support and align the foot to correct an abnormal application of pressure on the foot or an irregular walking pattern. […]

Posted on November 2, 2017

Don’t Let Your Corns Get Carried Away

Corns that form on feet are generally caused by friction and pressure which results in pain and annoyance. They are most likely to be caused by badly fitting shoes that are too tight. Our foot doctor, Stavros O. Alexopoulos, DPM, can treat your corns with great expertise. Please call us at (773) 561-8100 or visit […]

Posted on October 6, 2017

Flip Flops Can Cause Overuse Injuries

If you’re like most of us, you have a good supply of flip flops in your closet. But wearing flip flops too often or too long can result in overuse injuries like heel pain, otherwise known as plantar fasciitis. Flip flops certainly have their uses. They are great for wearing at the beach to protect […]

Posted on July 21, 2017

How Pronation Affects Your Running

Do you know what pronation is? Do you know that your pronation style has a huge effect on your running, and can put you at risk for foot injuries and shin splints? Pronation indicates how your foot rolls towards your toes after your heel strikes the ground. This important movement helps to distribute your body […]

Posted on July 13, 2017

Can You Keep Bunions From Getting Worse?

Do you have a bunion or two? This foot deformity is very common in the U.S., with 23% of those ages 18-65 – and 35% of those over age 65 – having at least one bunion (data from the National Institutes of Health). A bunion is an enlarged big toe joint. The toe often moves […]

Posted on July 5, 2017

High Ankle Sprains Are Different than Other Ankle Injuries

There are differing levels of ankle sprains, and one of these is called a “high ankle sprain” because the injury is above the ankle joint. High ankle sprains are much less common than a traditional ankle sprain. An ankle sprain injury is tearing and damage to ligaments that connect bones or the ankle joint. In […]

Posted on June 21, 2017

Why Don’t My Shoes Fit Anymore?

Are you pulling your favorite summer shoes out of the closet, only to find that they don’t fit anymore? Are you experiencing foot pain as you try to squeeze into your shoes? Were you astounded at a recent shoe store to discover that your feet have grown a half-size? Relax – for most individuals this […]

Posted on June 13, 2017

Home Remedies That Can Get Rid of Foot Odor

Smelly feet are no laughing matter. Despite all the jokes, it’s not funny if you notice excessive and unpleasant odors every time you take off your shoes. This condition is called bromhidrosis and is caused by bacteria that love moist or wet environments. So every time your feet start to sweat, the bacteria increase and […]

Posted on June 1, 2017

How Do I Know if I Have a Toenail Fungus?

Does one or more of your toenails look odd? Is it crumbly at the edge, yellowish and irregular? Don’t just ignore this unusual appearance. Healthy toenails are transparent and pink, with no brittle edges. You may have a toenail fungus, a common condition that affects up to 20% of U.S. adults. Foot fungus can multiply […]

Posted on November 22, 2016

Stay on Your Toes To Keep Toenails Healthy

Do you take your feet for granted? Many of us do, until we have a foot or ankle problem and then our feet become very important! Our toenails too are often neglected – except for periodic pedicures – and so a toenail problem may go unobserved. It’s a good idea to examine your toes every […]

Posted on August 25, 2016

Excessive Shoe Rubbing Can Cause Blisters

It’s been a pretty hot summer here in Chicago but still great weather to get outside for some healthful exercise. No matter what activity you choose – running, walking, hiking, climbing or in-line skating – remember to always wear well-fitting footwear that is appropriate to each sport. Even with shoes and boots that fit you […]

Posted on July 27, 2016

It’s Embarrassing But … Do Your Feet Smell?

“Summertime, and the living is easy …” – unless you suffer from feet that have unusually unpleasant odors. In other words, they smell! This common but embarrassing problem is called bromodosis and is most often caused by sweating. Together your 2 feet have 250,000 sweat glands – more than in any other place in your […]

Posted on June 28, 2016

Ingrown Toenails Can Be Prevented

Having an ingrown toenail is no fun. It’s unsightly and also can be very painful. Can this condition be prevented? If you’ve never had an ingrown toenail then you are very lucky. Ingrown toenails can be caused by heredity, if your family has a history of unusually curved toenails. Other causes include cutting your toenails […]

Posted on May 10, 2016

Small Growth on Top of Foot Is Likely a Ganglion Cyst

You probably know what a cyst is – it’s a common occurrence where a small sac fills with fluid inside the body. Feet can have cysts too and the most common kind is called a ganglion cyst. The word “ganglion” means tumor on a tendon, ligament or muscle. These growths usually form on a foot […]

Posted on April 28, 2016

Do You Have Toe Pain and Stiffness? You May Have Hallux Rigidus

Any joint in the body can develop degenerative arthritis because of wear and tear due to aging. When arthritis settles in the big toe joint, it makes the toe hard to bend and painful. This condition is called hallux rigidus which means stiff or rigid big toe. Until you have a painful big toe, you […]

Posted on April 13, 2016

Platelet Rich Plasma Treatments Provide Relief from Tendonitis

Tendons are thick cords that attach bone to muscle. When the tendons become inflamed or irritated from repetitive actions and overuse, or from minor or serious injury, the result is tendonitis. Tendonitis can occur in many areas but most often strikes the shoulder, elbow, hip, knee and base of the thumb. Two areas in the […]

Posted on April 6, 2016

Help Prevent Injury to your Young Athlete

Have you rushed to the emergency room after receiving the dreaded phone call that your child has been injured while playing sports? You’re not alone – out of the estimated 38 million U.S. teens and children who participate in organized sports each year, more than 2.6 million will be treated in hospital ER’s for recreation […]

Posted on March 31, 2016

Improving Balance Is Essential To Avoiding Falls

Being injured in a fall is a very real possibility for our senior citizens. According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), one-third of this age group falls each year, resulting in more than 700,000 hospital stays and 250,000 hip fractures. Many times falls are related to balance problems. As we age, certain […]

Posted on March 23, 2016

High Arches Cause Foot Pain and Instability

Most people have normal arches – some have flat feet where the arches have collapsed – and a very few have high arches. The foot arch is formed by tendons that attach to the foot and heel bones. The tendons work together to form the proper arch. The primary job of the arch is to […]

Posted on March 7, 2016

Get Relief from Painful and Unsightly Cracked Heels

Do you have rough, cracked skin on the bottom of your heels? You may be self-conscious of these unpleasant skin areas, but the worst part is that they can be very painful. Heel cracks are also called heel fissures. When the dry skin builds up on the heel and cracks under pressure, it may be […]

Posted on March 4, 2016

Heel Spurs Are a Common Cause of Heel Pain

A heel spur is a small, bony protrusion that sticks out from the bottom of the heel bone and is often associated with plantar fasciitis, or inflammation of the plantar fascia. The plantar fascia is a thick tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot from the heel bone towards your toes. When this […]

Posted on February 18, 2016

Gout: A Painful Joint Inflammation

If you have a flare-up of gout in your big toe you will know it – and it’s unlikely that you’ll forget it. Gout is a form of arthritis caused by urate crystals accumulating in a joint, resulting in inflammation and intense pain. These crystals develop when your blood has a high level of uric […]

Posted on February 12, 2016

Pulses in Your Feet Can Warn of Peripheral Artery Disease

What do your feet and your heart have in common? Well, for one thing, you have 2 pulses in each foot that can be detected during a physical examination by a trained doctor. By checking these pulses, a doctor can tell whether the blood flow to your feet is normal. In other words, your feet […]

Posted on February 3, 2016

Protect Your Feet During Winter Sports To Avoid Injuries

Are you a winter adventurer? Do activities like cross country and downhill skiing, sledding and ice skating lure you out of doors in the cold weather? Preparation is essential to enjoying winter sports safely. Poorly-fitting equipment or inadequate physical preparation can turn fun in the snow to days or weeks recovering from an injury. Prevent […]

Posted on January 22, 2016

Painful Growths on the Bottom of Your Feet May Be Plantar Warts

Have you seen a small, grainy growth on the bottom of your foot or the foot of your child? This spot can be painful when standing on it. You may have a plantar wart. These growths appear on the heel or ball of the foot and, because these parts of the feet receive a lot […]

Posted on January 12, 2016

Sesamoiditis: A Painful Injury in the Ball of the Foot

The foot contains two very small bones, pea-size, under the foot near the big toe. They are unusual in that they are not connected to other bones. Instead they are connected to tendons. These bones, called sesamoids, help the foot bear weight and also aid the tendons in transferring muscle force over their surfaces. They […]

Posted on January 3, 2016

You Can Prevent Fungal Toenails

Are you embarrassed because of the appearance of your toenails? Do they look ragged or thickened, discolored or dull? If so you may have toenail fungus. Fungal nail is a common problem and is very contagious. It’s caused by a microscopic organism that loves dark, warm, moist environments like the insides of shoes. Since it’s […]

Posted on December 22, 2015

Make Smart Footwear Choices if You Have Neuropathy

Because neuropathy causes pain and numbness in the feet, it’s important to choose footwear wisely if you suffer from this condition. The peripheral nerve system ranges all over the body and includes all the nerves except those in the brain and spinal cord. This system links the brain and spinal cord to the body’s muscles, […]

Posted on December 17, 2015

Pain in the Ball of the Foot May Be Metatarsalgia

If the holiday season has you aching for foot pain relief, you may be suffering from metatarsalgia. It’s a long word but easy to understand when you break it down: the 5 metatarsal bones run down the foot from the toes to the ankle. When these bones are stressed over a period of time, chronic […]

Posted on December 12, 2015

Heel Pain in Children Could Be Sever’s Disease

Growing pains? Are these real or myth? If your child has heel pain and difficulty walking, he or she may be experiencing a heel bone that grows too fast during a growth spurt. Sever’s disease occurs when the muscles and tendons stretch tightly because they don’t grow fast enough to keep up with heel bone […]

Posted on December 3, 2015

A Stubbed Toe May Be More Than Just a Nuisance

We’ve all stubbed our toes at one time or another and it hurts! Toes have lots of nerve endings to send sensory information quickly to the central nervous system and they don’t have much fatty tissue to absorb an impact. Together this means that a stubbed toe is very painful but usually not very serious. […]

Posted on November 28, 2015

Pain in the Ball of the Foot May Be Morton’s Neuroma

Nerve damage in the feet can be very painful and often is accompanied by other symptoms like weakness, swelling and numbness. If left untreated, the condition may worsen and even cause permanent damage. Morton’s neuroma first presents as pain in the ball of your foot and a feeling as if you are walking on a […]

Posted on November 19, 2015

Pregnancy and Foot Pain

If you or a family member is expecting a new arrival shortly – congratulations! You are probably taking good care of yourself by eating balanced meals, drinking plenty of water and taking your vitamins. But did you know that your feet need extra pampering too? You are naturally gaining weight and so your center of […]

Posted on November 14, 2015

Relieve Painful Haglund’s Deformity

You may notice a bump on your heel or on a family member’s heel. Haglund’s deformity is a bony enlargement that can form at the back of the heel bone where the Achilles tendon is located. This bump is sometimes called “pump bump” because it often appears in women who wear pump-type shoes. Shoes like […]

Posted on October 29, 2015

You Can Find Relief from Heel Pain Caused by Plantar Fasciitis

Do you have pain in your heels that makes it difficult to walk? Is the pain worst when you first get out of bed in the morning? If yes, then you may have plantar fasciitis, an inflammation of the plantar fascia. This thick band of tissue connects to your heel bone and continues along the […]

Posted on October 27, 2015

Don’t Suffer with the Pain of Turf Toe

Turf toe is an appropriate name for an injury that often occurs on artificial turf in football stadiums. Sometimes when an athlete is pushing off the ground with his toes during sports like soccer, football, wrestling, basketball and gymnastics, the ligaments around the big toe are sprained. Dancers can similarly injure their feet when they […]

Posted on October 13, 2015

Reducing the Risk of Falling for Senior Citizens

Have you or a family member fallen recently? Millions of senior citizens fall each year – and one out of every five falls results in a serious injury. Balance and gait problems can cause a fall, as can poorly-fitting footwear. Many falls can be prevented! Here are a few easy tips to reduce the chance […]

Posted on October 9, 2015

Avoiding Foot and Ankle Injuries

Our feet and ankles are the foundation of our bodies and real workhorses: each day we walk an average of 7,500 steps. Over a lifetime these really add up and can total more than 100,000 miles – four times around the world! It’s easy to see that preventing harm to our feet and ankles is […]

Posted on October 2, 2015

Ingrown Toenails Won’t Heal by Themselves

Do you take your feet for granted? We all do, and toenails too – unless we’re visiting a nail salon for a pedicure with the works! It’s a good idea to build into your health routine a thorough foot and toenail check. Examine your toes regularly for any signs of possible toenail problems. Ingrown Toenails […]

Posted on September 25, 2015

Seniors Must Pay Special Attention to Foot Care

Many of today’s seniors are defying aging by staying active long into their “golden years.” Staying active means taking good care of your body, especially legs and feet. After all, those same two feet that you were born with will take you about 115,000 miles in your lifetime – enough to loop around the world […]

Posted on September 17, 2015

You Can Find Relief from the Pain of Corns and Calluses

Are you still enjoying fresh corn from Chicago’s many produce stands and farmer’s markets? It’s a delicious treat – but there is another kind of corn that is definitely unwelcome. Two toes rubbing against each other can form a corn, an area of thickened skin with inflamed tissue underneath. Hard corns form on the bony […]

Posted on September 9, 2015

Keep Babies Barefoot as Long as Possible

Have you seen those tiny shoes for infants that look like miniature ballet slippers, or Converse sneakers to match Dad’s? It’s tempting to grab them – but don’t do it! The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that babies need shoes only when they begin to walk. And shoes don’t help them learn to walk faster […]

Posted on September 4, 2015

Solve the Itchy Problem of Athlete’s Foot

Research shows that exercise is good for us in many ways. Regular exercise can help control weight, fight disease, promote restful sleep and even boost our mood and energy. So if you’ve been a steady customer of your local gym or swimming pool – congratulations! Unfortunately, visiting public pools, gyms and showers increases the risk […]

Posted on August 26, 2015

Preventing Foot Cramps

Have you been awakened in the night by excruciating pain in the foot or calf? Have you felt severe calf pain after a strenuous run? If so, then you have experienced muscle cramps. A muscle cramp, also called a charley horse, is a sudden involuntary contraction of one or more muscles. Although incredibly painful, these […]

Posted on August 19, 2015

Beware the Risks of Wearing High Heels

High heels are high fashion and many women enjoy wearing them. But long-term high heel wearing can cause foot problems like corns and calluses and ingrown toenails, and even tendon damage that may be irreversible. Your Whole Body is Affected by Wearing High Heels While wearing high heels, your body weight shifts to the ball […]

Posted on August 6, 2015

Find Relief from the Pain and Swelling of Achilles Tendonitis

Have you experienced a sharp pain or swelling at the back of your heel and ankle after an exercise session? You may have an inflamed Achilles tendon, or Achilles tendonitis. The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles at back of your lower leg to your heel bone. With overuse, this tissue may be damaged. The […]

Posted on July 28, 2015

Check Carefully – Skin Cancer May Appear on Feet Too

If your summer plans include a vacation at Silver Lake Sand Dunes or just hanging out around the pool, make sure you have plenty of sunscreen – and don’t forget to apply to feet and ankles too. Your feet are exposed to the harmful rays of the sun which are the primary cause of dangerous […]

Posted on July 14, 2015

Hammertoes is a Common Toe Deformity

Have you noticed that one or more of your inner toes are beginning to look different? Have they become more rigid or even curled? Is it painful to wear certain shoes because the tops of the toes have begun to rub against the shoe? Are corns or calluses appearing on the toe tops? If you […]

Posted on July 9, 2015

Flat Feet Can Be Painful

Do you have flat feet? You can find out by wetting your feet and standing on a concrete sidewalk or other surface that will show a footprint. If you can see the shape of your whole foot, then you have flat feet. Your foot’s arch has a job to absorb force during weight-bearing activities before […]

Posted on June 21, 2015

You Can Find Relief from Bunion Pain

Every day in our Chicago office we see patients of all ages, both women and men, who come seeking relief from bunion. A bunion is a bump that forms of the joint of the big toe when the tissue or bone of this toe is pushed up against the next toe. This painful pressure is […]

Posted on June 17, 2015

You Don’t Have to Live with Heel Pain

Does the heel area of your foot hurt? Is it worst when you first get up in the morning, or does the pain increase during the day? Heel pain may not be a symptom of a serious condition but the pain often interferes with your normal day-to-day activity and can prevent you from exercising. Identifying […]

Posted on June 3, 2015

Orthotics – Customized for You to Relieve Foot Pain

What are orthotics? The word comes from the Greek meaning to straighten or align. Orthotic devices are custom-made inserts that fit into your shoes to comfort and support your feet. Because they are custom-made, they are specifically designed to treat your diagnosed condition and to fit only your feet. Over-the-counter shoe inserts available at retail […]

Posted on May 27, 2015

Seek Treatment for Plantar Warts–Show Off Your Feet in 2014

When women like actor Julianne Moore or model Kate Moss hit the red carpet, their feet are on display – and subject to the same scrutiny as their designer clothing. It’s not uncommon to see them standing in towering heels or strappy sandals, revealing crooked, cramped toes that look downright painful. Every woman would like […]

Posted on December 30, 2013

Beat Dry, Cracked Heels This Winter

It’s that time of year again when block buster movies and cold temperatures collide. You may be yearning to see The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug or Anchorman 2: The Legend Continues, but taking a hot shower, cranking up the heat, and warming your toes by the fire might be more appealing than leaving the […]

Posted on December 18, 2013

Athletic Shoes Helping Charity

Even though he knew he’d end up paying a $10,500 fine, Chicago Bears wide receiver Brandon Marshall figured it was worth it. Wearing lime green shoes at the October 10th game violated NFL policy for not matching the team’s white color, but he says starting the conversation about Mental Health Awareness Week was important to […]

Posted on November 20, 2013

Common Causes of Heel Pain

Heel Pain Giving You Problems? With fall sports leagues in full swing around Chicago, you may be experiencing some pain from the extra stress of participating in seasonal sports. Whether it’s coed football or soccer, indoor volleyball or basketball, players who run, jump and endure collisions with other players are ripe for foot problems. Many […]

Posted on September 10, 2013

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